Eid ul Fitr – The Festival of Breaking the Fast

Eid al-Fitr (/id l ftr, -tr/; Arabic: , romanized: Eid al-Fir, lit. “Holiday of Breaking the Fast,” IPA: [id al fitr]) is celebrated annually by Muslims around the world. is the first of Islam’s two major festivals, celebrated each year (the other being Eid al-Adha). Muslims around the world commemorate the completion of the month-long fasting period of Ramadan on this religious holiday. It occurs on the first day of the Islamic month of Shawwal, which may or may not correspond with the same day of the Gregorian calendar depending on when the new moon is observed by local religious authorities. The celebration goes by a number of distinct names in other languages and regions. The holiday goes by several names, including Eid and Lesser Eid.

 Eid Ul Fitr Eid Ul Fitr
Eid Ul Fitr

The salat (Islamic prayer) said on Eid al-Fitr consists of two rakats (units) and is typically said in a large open space like a field or hall. Three Takbirs (raising of hands to ears while repeating “Allahu ‘Akbar,” meaning “God is the greatest”) are added to the beginning of the first rakat and three more are added to the end of the second rakat in the Hanafi school of Sunni Islam. Twelve Takbirs, divided into two groups of seven and five, are typical in other Sunni schools. There are six Takbirs at the end of qira’a and before ruku in the first rakat of the Shi’ite prayer, and five in the second. [8] This salat is either far (, required), mustaabb (, extremely advised), or mandb (, preferable), depending on the jurisprudential consensus of the area. During the Eid al-Fitr salat, Muslims partake in a variety of celebrations[9] that revolve around food (hence the holiday’s other common name, “Sweet Eid,” or “Sugar Feast”) of various kinds.

 Eid Ul Fitr, Also Known As the Festival of Breaking the Fast, Sweet Eid, Sugar Feast, and Small Eid
Eid Ul Fitr Also Known As the Festival of Breaking the Fast Sweet Eid Sugar Feast and Small Eid

Eid ul Fitr Native names

AcehneseUroë Raya Puasa Rojar Id“Festival of breaking fasting”
AlbanianFitër Bajrami,
Bajrami i vogel
“Big festival”
Arabicعيد الفطر ‘Īd al-Fitr“Happiness of breaking fasting”
Assameseৰমজান ঈদ Romzan Īd“Eid of Ramadan”
Bengaliরোজার ঈদ Rojar Īd“Eid of the fasting”
BosnianRamazanski Bajram“Festival of Ramadan”
Kāi zhāi jié
“Festival for the end of fasting”
HausaKaramar Sallah“Little Eid”
Hebrewעיד אל-פיטר
Hindiछोटी ईद Chhoṭī Īd,
मीठी ईद Mīṭhī Īd,
रमज़ान ईद Ramzān Īd
“Little Eid”,
“Sweet Eid,
“Eid of Ramadan”
Kashmiriلۄکٕٹ عیٖز“Little Eid”
MalayHari Raya Puasa,
Hari Raya Aidilfitri
“The Day of Celebration after Fast”,
“Eid al-Fitr Celebration Day”
Malayalamചെറിയ പെരുന്നാൾ Cheriya Perunnal“Little ‘Great Day'”
Pashtoکوچنې اختر ، کمکې اختر ، وړوکې اختر
Persianجشن روزه‌گشا Jashne rōzeh gosha,
عید فطر Eid-e Fetr
“Celebration of breaking the fast”,
“Eid al-Fitr”
Tamilநோன்பு பெருநாள் Nōṉpu perunāḷ
TurkishRamazan Bayramı,
Şeker Bayramı
“Festival of Ramadan”,
“Festival of Sweets”
Urduچھوٹی عید Chhoṭī Īd,
میٹھی عید Mīṭhi Īd
“Little Eid”,
“Sweet Eid”
Eid ul Fitr Native Names
Muslims performing the Eid prayer at Suleymaniye Mosque, Istanbul, Turkey; cakes and sweets, which are popularly consumed during the celebration in Algeria; a sparkler being lit during Eid celebrations in Indonesia
Official nameArabic: عيد الفطر, romanizedEid al-Fiṭr
Also calledFestival of Breaking the Fast, Lesser Eid, Sweet Eid, Sugar Feast
Observed byMuslims
SignificanceCommemoration to mark the end of fasting in Ramadan
CelebrationsEid prayerscharity, social gatherings, festive meals, gift-giving, dressing up, Lebaran
2023 date21 – 22 April[a][2]
2024 date10 – 11 April
Related toRamadanEid al-Adha
Eid ul Fitr, also known as the Festival of Breaking the Fast, Sweet Eid, Sugar Feast, and Small Eid
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